Recipe: Cooking Tips and Cooking Timetables

|June 1, 2011|read comments (0)
Author: Mama's Kitchen

Cook Times

VEGETABLE COOKING TIMETABLE

Test for doneness after minimum time given here. Cubed and sliced
vegetables will cook faster than whole. Parboiled (blanched) vegetables,
which will complete their cooking in sauce or butter, should be slightly
undercooked. All are best when they are still slightly crunchy.

Boiling and Steaming

Boil vegetables in lightly salted water to cover. Steam vegetables
in steaming rack or basket over 1-inch lightly salted boiling water.
All boiling (B) and steaming (S) times are in minutes. If there is
no time listed for a given method, then it is not recommended.

Vegetable B S
ARTICHOKE 20-30 25-35
ASPARAGUS
spears 10-12 12-15
pieces 5-10 10-15
(add tips
for last 5 min)
BEANS
green 8-15 10-15
lima (fresh) 20-25
BEETS 25-45
BROCCOLI 5-10 12-15
CABBAGE
shredded 2-4 4-8
wedges 10-12 10-15
CARROTS
(simmer – DON'T BOIL)
sliced 15 18
whole 20-30 25-30
CAULIFLOWER
florets 9-12 12-15
whole 20-30 25-35
CORN-on-the-COB 3-5
EGGPLANT cubed 5-8
LEEKS (if large
halve lengthwise) 5-10 10-15
OKRA 5-10
PARSNIPS (whole
or halved) 25-30
PEAS – green 4-10
POTATOES
quartered 20-30
sliced 15
SNOW PEAS 2-3 3-5
SPINACH 5-7
(steam without
basket or rack
in water
remaining on
washed leaves)
SQUASH
summer 8-15
winter 10-20 10-20
(simmer –
DON'T BOIL)
SWEET POTATOES
peeled 15
unpeeled 25
TURNIPS &
RUTABAGAS
sliced 10-15 12-18
whole 20-30 25-35
MEAT ROASTING TIMETABLE

Meat should be only slightly chilled before roasting. Since everyone
has a different definition of "rare" and "well done", test for
doneness possible and note satisfactory times. Let meat sit for 15
to 20 minutes after removing from oven to allow juices to settle
and meat to firm up. Internal temperature will rise by 10 F during
this time, so meat can be roasted to temperature lower than given.

Meat Oven Temp Meat Thermometer Approx Time
(F) Reading (in Per Pound (Min)
thickest part,
not touching
bone)

BEEF
standing rib 325 F 140 F (rare) 18-20
160 F (medium) 22-25
170 F (well done) 27-30

Rolled Rib, 325 F 140 F (rare) 32-35
eye round, 160 F (medium) 35-38
chick, rump 170 F (well done) 40-45
LAMB
Boned rolled 325 145 F (rare) 30-35
leg, shoulder 170 F (medium) 40-45
180 F (well done) 45-50
Crown Roast 425 F 140 F to 145 F (med) 10-12
for first 170 F (well) 20-25
15 min, then 325 F
Leg with bone 325 F 145 F (rare) 30-35
170 F (medium) 40
180 F (well done) 45-50

VEAL
boned rolled 325 F 175 F 40-45
rump, shoulder
Rump with bone, 325 F 175 F 30-35
loin
PORK (Fresh)
Boned rolled 325 F 175 F 40-45
shoulder
Crown roast 325 F 170 F 35-40
Loin (centre) 325 F 175 F 35-40
PORK (Smoked)
HAM (uncooked)
Whole 325 F 160 F 18-20
Half 325 F 160 F 22-25
HAM (fully cooked)
Whole 325 F 130 F 10-15
Half 325 F 130 F 18-24
Picnic Shoulder 325 F 170 F 30-35
(uncooked)

MEAT AND POULTRY BROILING TIMETIBLE

Meat broils best when it goes into the broiler at room temperature.

Meat Thickness (In) Approx Total Cooking Time
Rare Medium Well Done
Delmonico, Rib 1-1/2 10-15 15-20 20-25
2 15-20 20-25 25-30
Hamburger 1 6-10 15 20
Porterhouse 1 6-8 10-12 15-18
T-Bone 1 10-12 15-18 20-25
Sirloin 2 12-15 18-20 25-30
Tenderloin, 4-8 oz 8-10 15 15-20
Filet Mignon
SHISH KABOB
Lamb or Beef 1" cubes 6-8 8-10 12-15
LAMB CHOPS 1 6-8 12 15
1-1/2 9-12 15 16-18
2 13-15 16-18 20-22
VEAL CHOPS 1/2 15-16
1 18-20
PORK CHOPS 1/2 15-20
1 20-25
HAM STEAKS 1 30
CHICKEN
(broiler,
halved or
quartered) 20-25

POULTRY ROASTING TIMETABLE

Poultry should be only slightly chilled before roasting. All should
be cooked to a thermometer reading of 180 F – 185 F. Chicken and
Duck can be seared for 15 minutes at 425 F, and total roasting time
reduced 5 to 10 minutes. Check for doneness by lifting the end of
the leg bone; drumstick should move easily in its socket. Poultry
is done when juices flow clear yellow, not pink; check by pricking
inner surface of drumstick near joint with fork. Let poultry rest
10 to 12 minutes before serving, except for turkey, which should
rest 20 to 30 minutes before serving.

Fowl Weight Oven Temp Approx Cooking Time (Hr)
(Lb) (F) Stuffed Unstuffed
CAPON 5-8 325 F 2 to 2-1/2 1-3/4 to 2-1/4
CHICKEN
1-1/2 to 2 350 F 1 to 1-1/4 3/4 to 1
2-1/2 to 3 350 F 1-1/4 to 1-1/4 1-3/4
3 to 4 350 F 1-1/2 to 2 1-1/2
CORNISH HEN 1 350 F 1-1/4 1
DUCK 4-5 350 F 2 to 2-1/4 1-1/2 to 1-3/4
TURKEY 6-8 325 F 2-1/4 to 2-3/4 2 to 2-1/4
8-12 325 F 2-3/4 to 3-1/2 2-1/4 to 3
12-16 325 F 3-1/2 to 5 3 to 4
16-20 325 F 5 to 6 4 to 5
20-24 325 F 6 to 8 5 to 6

BEFORE AND AFTER MEASUREMENTS

Macaroni – uncooked 1 cup – cooked 2 cups

Noodles – uncooked 3 cups – cooked 4-1/2 cups

Quick oats – uncooked 1 cup – cooked 1 3/4 cups

Rice, long grain – uncooked 1 cup – cooked 3 cups

Pre-cooked rice – uncooked 1 cup, cooked 2 cups

Spaghetti – uncooked 7 ounce, cooked 4 cups


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