Recipe: Cooking Basics

|June 1, 2011|read comments (0)
Author: Mama's Kitchen

Item – This much – Equals this much

APPLES 1 medium 1 cup, sliced
(5-6 oz) 2/3 cup, grated
3 medium 1 heaping cup applesauce
(1 lb)

BANANAS 1 medium (4-7 oz) 1/3 to 1/2 cup, mashed

BEANS
dried 1 lb, raw 7 cups, cooked
(2-1/2 cups)
green 1 lb 2 cups, cut

BREAD CRUMBS
dry 1 slice bread 1/4 to 1/3 cup crumbs
soft 1 slice bread 1/2 to 3/4 cup, lightly
packed crumbs

BUTTER &
MARGARINE 1 stick (1/4 lb) 1/2 cup
CABBAGE 1/2 lb 3 cups, shredded, packed

CARROTS 1 medium 1/3 to 1/2 cup, sliced
(about 3 oz) or diced
1/4 cup, grated, packed

CELERY 1 medium rib About 1/2 cup, sliced

CHEESE
grated 1 lb 5 cups, lightly packed
2 oz About 1/2 cup, lightly packed

COFFEE 1 lb 40 cups, brewed medium strength

CHOCOLATE 1 oz 1 square OR 2 heaping Tbsp
chocolate pieces

EGGS 5 large, 1 cup yolks and whites
6 medium
or 7 small

FLOUR
all purpose 1 lb 4 cups, lightly stirred
or sifted
cake 1 lb 4-1/2 cups, lightly
stirred or sifted

whole wheat 1 lb 3-3/4 cups, spooned into
measuring cups

HONEY 1 lb 1-1/3 cups

LEMON 1 medium 2 to 3 Tbsp juice
2 to 3 tsp grated peel

LIME 1 medium 1-1/2 to 2 Tbsp juice

MUSHROOMS 1 lb 5 cups, sliced

NUTS
almonds 1 lb, in shells 2/3 cup, shelled
1 lb, shelled 3 cups
pecans 1 lb, in shells 1-1/4 cup, shelled
1 lb, shelled 4-1/4 cups
walnuts 1 lb, in shells 1-3/4 cup, shelled
1 lb, shelled 4-1/2 cups

ONIONS 1 medium 1/3 cup, sliced or diced
(about 3 oz)
1 lb 3 to 3-1/2 cups, sliced
or diced

ORANGE 1 medium 1/3 to 1/2 cup juice
1-1/2 to 2 Tbsp grated peel

PASTA
macaroni 8 oz (2 cups, 4 cups, cooked
and uncooked)
spaghetti
noodles 8 oz (3 cups, 6 cups, cooked
uncooked)

PEAS, green 1 lb, in pod 1 cup, shelled

POTATOES 1 medium (about 1/2 cup, grated
4 oz)
1 lb 3-1/2 to 4 cups, sliced
or diced)

1 lb About 2 cups mashed

RAISINS
seedless 1 lb 3 cups

RICE 1 lb (any kind) 2 cups, raw
brown 1/4 cup, raw 1 cup, cooked
instant 1/2 cup, dry 1 cup, cooked
regular 1/3 cup, raw 1 cup, cooked
processed 1/4 cup, raw 1 cup, cooked

SUGAR
brown 1 lb 2-1/4 cups, packed
confectioners 1 lb 3-1/2 to 4 cups, unsifted
granulated 1 lb 2-1/4 cups
superfine 1 lb 2-1/3 cups

TOMATOES 1 lb 3 medium
1 lb About 1-1/2 cups,
chopped pulp

ZUCCHINI 1 medium 3/4 cup sliced
(5-6 oz) 1 cup, grated,
loosely packed

EQUIVALENT MEASURES
The following equivalents apply to all foods except
"pinch"–dry sub- stances only-and
"peck (pk)" and "bushel (bu)"-fruits and vegetables.
1 pinch 1/8 tsp or less
1-1/2 tsp 1/2 Tbsp
3 tsp 1 Tbsp
1/6 cup 2 Tbsp + 2 tsp
1/4 cup 4 Tbsp
1/3 cup 5 Tbsp + 1 tsp
3/8 cup 6 Tbsp
1/2 cup 8 Tbsp
2/3 cup 10 Tbsp + 2 tsp
3/4 cup 12 Tbsp
1 cup 16 Tbsp
4 cups 1 quart (qt)
8 quarts 1 peck (pk)
4 pk 1 bushel (bu)

LIQUID MEASURES
1 dash 6 drops
24 drops 1/4 tsp
3 tsp 1 Tbsp
1 Tbsp 1/2 fluid ounce (oz)
2 Tbsp 1 fluid oz
2 cups 16 fluid oz (1 pint)
3 Tbsp 1-1/2 fluid oz (1 jigger)
1/2 cup 4 fluid oz
16 Tbsp 1 cup
1 cup 8 fluid oz (1/2 pint)
2 pints 1 quart
4 quarts 1 gallon

BAKING-PAN SIZES

Rectangular Cake Pans
8 x 8 x 2-inches deep 6 cups
9 x 9 x 1-1/2-inches deep 8 cups
9 x 9 x 2-inches deep 10 cups
13 x 9 x 2-inches deep 14 cups

Round Cake Pans
8 x 1-1/2-inches deep 4 cups
9 x 1-1/2-inches deep 6 cups

Pie Plates
8 x 1-1/4-inches deep 3 cups, level with top;
4 to 4-1/2 cups, mounded

9 x 1-1/2-inches deep 4 cups level with top;
5 to 6 cups, mounded

Loaf Pans
8-1/2 x 4-1/2 x 2-1/2-inches deep 6 cups
9 x 5 x 3-inches deep 8 cups

Food Yields and Equivalents

Convert from recipe measures to weights, cans or other shopping levels.
1 small yellow onion = 1/4 cup chopped
1 medium-small yellow onion = 1/2 cup chopped
1 medium yellow onion = 3/4 cup chopped
1 medium-large yellow onion = 1 cup chopped
1 large yellow onion = 1 1/2 cups chopped

1 small clove garlic = 1/2 to 1 teaspoon minced
1 medium-size clove garlic = 1 to 1 1/2 teaspoons minced
1 large clove garlic = 2 to 2 1/2 teaspoons minced

MEASURING EGGS
4 jumbo eggs = 1 cup
6 jumbo whites = 1 cup
12 jumbo yolks = 1 cup
4 Ex Lg eggs = 1 cup
6 Ex Lg whites = 1 cup
12 Ex Lg yolks = 1 cup
5 Lg eggs = 1 cup
7 Lg whites = 1 cup
14 Lg yolks = 1 cup
5 Med eggs = 1 cup
8 Med whites = 1 cup
16 Med yolks = 1 cup
6 Sm eggs = 1 cup
9 Sm whites = 1 cup
18 Sm yolks = 1 cup
5-6 whole EGGS = 1 cup
3 EGG whites = 1 dl
6 EGG yolks = 1 dl
8-10 EGG whites = 1 cup
1 EGG white = 2 tablespoons
12-14 EGG yolks = 1 cup

1/4 pound BUTTER or MARGARINE = 1/2 cup
1 pound cottage CHEESE = 2 cups
1 pound regular grind COFFEE = 4 1/2 to 5 cups

1 medium LEMON = 3 to 4 tablespoons juice
1 juice ORANGE = 1/3 to 1/2 cup juice

1 pound brown SUGAR = 2 1/4 packed
1 pound confectioners SUGAR, sifted = 3 1/2 cups
1 pound SUGAR = 2 1/4 cups

1 pound all purpose FLOUR = 4 cups sifted
1 pound cake FLOUR = 4 3/4 cups sifted
1 pound raw MACARONI = 4 cups uncooked
1 cup uncooked MACARONI = 2 1/4 cups cooked
1 pound uncooked NOODLES = 6 cups uncooked
1 cup uncooked NOODLES = 1 cup cooked
1 pound uncooked SPAGHETTI = 4 3/4 cups uncooked
1 cup uncooked SPAGHETTI = 2 cups cooked
1 pound uncooked OATMEAL = 1 3/4 cups cooked
1 pound raw RICE = 2 1/4 cups
1 cup uncooked RICE = 4 cups cooked
1 cup Minute/precooked RICE = 2 cups cooked

8 MARSHMALLOWS = 1 cup chopped
1 MARSHMALLOW = 10 miniature marshmallows
1 pound seeded RAISINS = 3 1/4 cups
1 pound pitted DATES = 2 1/2 cups
1 pound unpitted DATES = 1 3/4 cups chopped
1 pound NUT meats = 3 1/2 – 4 cups chopped
1 pound NUTS in shell = 2 cups shelled

1 pound raw MEAT = 2 cups cooked, diced or ground

1 pound fresh PEAS or LIMAS in shell = 1 cup shelled
1 cup dry navy BEANS = 2 1/3 cups cooked

potatoes, tomatoes, beets, turnips, apples, pears, peaches, 1 pound = 3 – 4 medium 1 pound cabbage equals 4 cups shredded cabbage.


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